are welcome to use these ideas in your classroom, within your science
department, within your school district, or to distribute to any
teacher who may find these lessons useful.I only ask
1. You cannot sell these lessons or make a profit on them in any way.
2. You cite the lessons original source, and do not white-out the
copyright footer on the pdf files
3. Do not copy and paste lessons onto your website. A link to the
original is to be used.
4. Do not claim these lessons as your own work. NOTE: This
disclaimer is modeled after a couple of my favorite websites: The
usually required of an Earthquake unit. Based on Heath Earth Science.
You can modify to your textbook. Click here for my version.
I don't do this anymore! BORING ISN'T USEFUL AS A LEARNING TOOL! Make a
quick FactSheet with cut and paste facts. Your students will be totally
involved in pasting each fact in the correct place. You will see
useful, learning-rich interactions between students as they work hard
to get it right. And they remember the facts better!
if you follow-up this activity with games, activities, labs--all active
ways to reinforce the facts and really make it their own!
Parts of an "Earthquake
of course, is the three main seismic waves. I use a copyrighted
worksheet which also shows the "parts" of an earthquake such as focus
and epicenter, and illustrates the three main waves: P-wave, S-wave,
and L-wave (surface). Be sure to teach the difference between epicenter
and hypocenter (focus).
Click here for
one website that discusses how to demo seismic waves. Basically,
use a compressional wave for P-wave, a side-to-side "snake" motion for
S-waves, and up-and-down wave motion for L-waves. If you can collect a
bunch of Slinkys, each small group can try it! What fun!
students act out one of
the three types of seismic waves. P-waves repeat this sequence: take
two steps forward and one step back; S-waves repeat this sequence: take
two steps to the right, then one step forward, then two steps to the
left, then one step forward; L-waves repeat this sequence: take a step
forward, pause, jump twice in place, take another step
forward, pause, jump
twice in place. Have the entire group begin at a starting line
on the playground or in the gym or hallway. If the students
don't "cheat," the P waves should arrive at the finish line first,
S-waves second and L-waves third. Good demo of the seismic waves!
Matching Team Game
a quick team game, where
each team has nine pattern pieces to fit into a puzzle, which shows the
main characteristics of each wave.
have each team build a seismograph. These should be very
simple--able to be set up
in 5 minutes. The best one I've seen was a bell attached to the table
with a tape recorder running during an Earthquake Drill. Also, groups have constructed
cabins and small Lego villages. I have the students set them up on the
class tabletops and run the Earthquake Drill (required by law here in
Missouri). During the drill, I run an earthquake scenario and go around
and create small, medium, or large earthquakes on each table by moving
the tables. Each group should have a "record" of some type, either on
paper, or a video or audio recording.
drill, whether you
build seismographs or not. Click here
for my version. CLICK HERE FOR A SIMULATION
Require the students to
under their desks
and listen quietly to your scenario. Be dramatic. Drop a brick into
your Broken Glass Container, flicker the lights, have sound effects of
the roar of an earthquake, barking dogs, etc. Turn the lights off at
the end. Wait a couple of dramatic seconds before turning on the
lights. Then have the students get up and sit down. Show a video clip
of an actual earthquake right after the drill for maximum effect while
they fill out the questions at the bottom of the labsheet. Click here for a great sound
Units include a
that shows how the epicenter of an earthquake is located using
triangulation. Your lab can be as complicated as requiring the
calculation of distances and plotting several epicenters on the same
map using a compass, or as simple as plotting one epicenter. Around
here, of course, we use a map of Missouri and plot New Madrid
epicenters. Click here
for a good place to start. This lab uses the conversion chart commonly
found in textbooks and plots only one epicenter.